Discover my current regimen (since August 2015) more info

Choosing The Right Sunscreen for Seborrheic Dermatitis Prone Skin

It’s hard enough to find a good sunscreen, but finding one that does irritate and worsen seborrheic dermatitis is exponentially more challenging. The skin is already acting up and applying a thick layer of sunscreen on top just doesn’t feel like it would be the best thing to do. Plus, as the skin barrier is damaged, the penetration of foreign materials is increased, increasing potential toxicity concerns.

This article is a compilation of my research on the topic and an effort to single out the types of sunscreen that should be most compatible. The goal isn’t to focus so much on individual products, but review the fundamentals of sunscreen, it’s benefits, the technology, and the characteristics that make for a good sunscreen for those of us with seborrheic dermatitis prone skin.

The writing is broken down as follows:

Hope you find the content useful and please let me know if you have any suggestions or questions in the comments section at the end.

What Sunscreen Does

Solar ultraviolet radiation is an established cause of melanoma. And melanoma is one of the most rapidly increasing cancers amongst the light-skinned population.

Melanoma is understood to be the result of malignant keratinocytes (skin cells) that are a by-product of UVR-induced DNA damage [1].

Sunscreen use is a possible way to decrease the risk of melanoma by reducing UVR induced DNA damage.

While previous studies failed to produce conclusive evidence [2], more recent studies do support the use of higher SPF (15 or above) sunscreen [3]. However, some confusion still remains and some authors have raised the question if sunscreen may give a false sense of security (giving people permission to spend far greater time in direct sun exposure), limiting the overall effectiveness of sunscreens [4]

Despite some remaining questions, most government health authorities recommend the use of sunscreen. For example, the Sunscreen Summit Policy Group of Australia and New Zealand recommend sunscreen be used any day that the outdoor UV index is 3 or above (basically for 5-6 months of the year in most countries) [5]. Strange enough, the recommendation is even in effect if no outdoor activities are planned.

Plus, a 2017 meta-analysis (a study that reviews all previous evidence) provides support for the potential benefits of reducing UVR induced DNA damage [6].

Current Sunscreen Technology

The sun emits three primary types of ultraviolet radiation: UVA (freely pass through the ozone layer), UVB (partially absorbed by the ozone layer, and UVC (absorbed by the ozone layer).

Prolonged exposure to UVA and UVB has been linked to a long list of negative effects on the skin (increased risk of melanoma, the formation of oxidants, DNA damage, protein damage, lipid damage, compromised immune function, and many more) [7, 8, 9].

The primary goal of sunscreen is to block this ultraviolet radiation from damaging the skin.

This is achieved into one of two ways:

  1. Chemical (organic) filters: absorb the UV rays
    • Octyl methoxycinnamate
    • Octocrylene
    • Benzophenone-3
    • 3-benzylidene camphor
    • Octocrylene
  2. Physical (inorganic) filters: deflect the UV rays
    • Zinc oxide
    • Titanium dioxide
    • Irone oxide

Modern sunscreen formulations typically make use of several ingredients to achieve the widest range of UV protection (combining the individual properties of each type of filter).

Visual representation of the primary difference between chemical and physical sunscreen agents; chemical agents absorb UV rays, while physical ones reflect them.

In addition to the active UV blocking agents, topically applied antioxidants have also shown some benefit in protecting against UV damage. Accordingly, some formulas also integrate various antioxidants:

  • Classic antioxidants – Beta-carotene, vitamin C, and vitamin E [10]
  • Hydroxycinnamic acids – Caffeic and ferulic acids [11]
  • Polyphenols – green tea polyphenol derivatives [12] and/or resveratrol [13, 14])
  • Flavanoids – (quercetin [15], silyamarin [16], equol [17, 18]

Criteria for the Optimal Formula

When it comes to seborrheic dermatitis, there are a number of additional factors that should be considered when choosing a sunscreen.

  1. The severity of seborrheic dermatitis symptoms provides a good visual representation as to the extent of barrier damage. The more damaged, the more prone the skin becomes to both absorption of topically applied agents and also more sensitive to potential irritants.
    • Sunscreens whose composition is simple/minimal and utilizes sunscreen agents with lowest toxicity/penetration concerns are preferred.
    • Chemical sunscreen agents have been shown to penetrate the skin much more freely then physical agents (such as zinc oxide). Meaning they have a better ability to enter our bloodstream and circulate throughout our body (even ending up in breast milk [19]). As a result, some researchers have put forward toxicity concerns and question whether or not their use is really beneficial or just a blessing in disguise [20].
  2. As Malassezia appear to be an integral part of the symptoms, individual components of the sunscreen should not contribute to its reproduction.
    • Some sunscreen agents may provide the added benefit of being anti-fungal agents effective against Malassezia.
    • Zinc oxide appears to be a candidate [21] and it’s effectiveness has been noted to be in direct relationship with it’s particle size (as the particle size decreases, antifungal/antibacterial action increases) [22].
    • On the flip side, Malassezia furfur has been shown to produce a chemical compound by the name of pityriacitrin which itself provides significant UV protection [23, 24]. If anti-fungal therapy is used to reduce Malassezia activity, it’s possible that the benefits provided by a well-rounded skin-microbiome are affected.
  3. As increased oxidative damage and reduced redox capacity (ability to neutralize free radicals) have been documented among seborrheic dermatitis sufferers [25, 26], an added benefit from sunscreen containing ample antioxidants may be of benefit.

Quick review

The optimal sunscreen for seborrheic dermatitis prone skin should:

  • Provide sufficient UV protection
  • Low-irritation potential
    • Fragrance-free
    • Mild preservatives with a good track record
    • Not avobenzone based [27]
  • Low toxicity concerns
  • Possible anti-fungal benefits
  • Antioxidant support

Based on these criteria, a combination of zinc oxide and titanium dioxide as the active photoprotection agents:

  • A combination of zinc oxide and titanium dioxide has been noted to provide the most comprehensive UV protection [28]
  • Zinc oxide and titanium dioxide seem to have a strong safety record and some of the lowest toxicity concerns [20]
  • Zinc oxide nanoparticles have been shown to be antibacterial [29]

And these agents, as part of a simple fragrance-free formulation, containing a few antioxidants agents appears to be what we’re after.

Additional favorable criteria:

  • Cost
  • Availability

Possible Candidates

Based on the above criteria, here is a list of mineral-based formulas that may be worth a shot. Though the order is not perfect, have made an attempt to list it in order of preference.

Thinkbaby Safe Sunscreen – SPF 50+

89ml tube of Thinkbaby SPF 50+ sunscreen - our top rated sunscreen for seborrheic dermatitis prone skin

A simple formula that integrates natural oils and is likely to provide significant emollience (moisturization). While some may have concerns that the included oils may contribute to Malassezia growth, hard to say if this would really be an issue in the context of the overall formula (particularly the high zinc oxide concentration).

When compared to others, has the added benefit of both Vitamin E (tocopherols) and Vitamin C which have been included.

Zinc Oxide 20% (Non-Nano) Purified Water, Aloe Barbadensis Leaf Juice, Capric/Caprylic Triglycerides, Sorbitan Stearate, Methyl Abietate, Vegetable Glycerin, Cetyl Dimethicone, Hydrogenated Castor Oil, Magnesium Sulfate, Sunflower Oil, Jojoba Oil, Ascorbic Acid, Tocopherols , Olive Oil, Raspberry Seed Oil, Cranberry Seed Oil, Hyaluronic Acid, Glucose Oxidase, Lactoperoxidase, Papaya

Baby Bum – Fragrance Free – SPF 50

88ml tube of Baby Bum Fragrance free sunscreen - another primarily natural sunscreen option for seborrheic dermatitis prone skin

Another fairly simple formula that is likely to be less rich (more fluid) then the ThinkBaby option above. Again natural oriented formulation composition

Zinc Oxide (20%) Water, Cocos Nucifera (Coconut) Oil, Butyloctyl Salicylate, Diheptyl Succinate, Methyl Dihydroabietate, Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea Butter), Capryloyl Glycerin/Sebacic Acid Copolymer, Sodium Stearoyl Glutamate, Cetearyl Alcohol, Theobroma Cacao (Cocoa) Seed Butter, Sodium Hyaluronate, Bisabolol, Tocopherol, Coco-Glucoside, Microcrystalline Cellulose, Cellulose Gum, Cetyl Alcohol, Arachidyl Alcohol, Behenyl Alcohol, Arachidyl Glucoside, Polyhydroxystearic Acid, Sodium Gluconate, Phenoxyethanol, Ethylhexylglycerin, Citric Acid

Burt’s Bees Baby – Nourishing Mineral Sunscreen – SPF 30

85g tube of Burts Bees nourishing sunscreen - a high availability natural oriented choice

Slightly longer ingredients list than the two purely zinc oxide based options above. Yet, it’s great to see the combination of both titanium dioxide and zinc oxide here for more robust UV protection.

As an added bonus, coffee extract is featured for the first time on this list (though hard to say if it’s for scent or for its potential skin benefits).

Titanium dioxide 2.8%; Zinc oxide 13%. Water, dicaprylyl ether, carthamus tinctorius (safflower) oleosomes, caprylic/capric triglyceride, glycerin, beeswax, cetyl alcohol, nelumbo nucifera flower wax, phenoxyethanol, isostearic acid, polyhydroxystearic acid, alumina, lecithin, polyglyceryl-3 polyricinoleate, gluconic acid, lonicera japonica (honeysuckle) flower extract, sodium benzoate, stearic acid, lonicera caprifolium (honeysuckle) flower extract, sodium phytate, prunus armeniaca (apricot) fruit extract, pyrus malus (apple) fruit extract, tocopherol, cocos nucifera (coconut) fruit extract, coffea arabica (coffee) seed extract, dipteryx odorata seed extract, vanilla planifolia fruit extract, alcohol, potassium sorbate.

Blue Lizard – Australian Sunscreen – Sensitive Mineral Sunscreen- SPF 30+

Bottle and package of Blue Lizard Australian Sunscreen - a good zinc oxide based candidate for seborrheic dermatitis prone skin

Not the most natural formula composition on this list, but the availability and price make it an appealing option for many. Spot test accordingly and watch for skin sensitivity.

Zinc Oxide 10%, Titanium Oxide 5% Beeswax, C12-15 Alkyl Benzoate, Caprylyl Glycol, Cetyl Dimethicone and/or Cetyl Dimethicone Copolyol, Chlorphenesin, Disodium EDTA, Ethyhexyl Palmitate, Ethyhexyl Stearate, Hexyl Laurate, Hydrogenerated Castor Oil, Methyl Glucose Dioleate, Octododecyl Neopentanoate, PEG-7 Hydrogenated Castor Oil, phenoxyethanol, Polyglyceryl-4 Isostearate, Propanediol, Purified Water, Sorbitan Oleate, Stearic Acid, Tocopheryl Acteate, Trimethylated Silica/Dimethicone, VP Hexadecene Copolymer

Aveeno Kids – Continuous Protection – Zinc Oxide Sunscreen – SPF 50

88ml tube of Aveeno Kids Continuous Protection sunscreen

Another purely zinc oxide based option. Though the formula is packaged and hints at being natural, the ingredients list is significantly more silicone/polymer based. Nonetheless, being Aveeno, availability is likely to be excellent.

Zinc Oxide (21.6%) Water, C12-15 Alkyl Benzoate, Styrene/Acrylates Copolymer, Octyldodecyl Citrate Crosspolymer, Phenyl Trimethicone, Cetyl PEG/PPG-10/1 Dimethicone, Dimethicone, Polyhydroxystearic Acid, Glycerin, Ethyl Methicone, Silica, Cetyl Dimethicone, Triethoxycaprylylsilane, Phenoxyethanol, Glyceryl Behenate, Sodium Chloride, Acrylates/Dimethicone Copolymer, Chlorphenesin, Phenethyl Alcohol, Avena Sativa (Oat) Kernel Flour, Caprylyl Glycol, Cetyl Dimethicone/Bis-Vinyldimethicone Crosspolymer, Chrysanthemum Parthenium (Feverfew) Flower/Leaf/Stem Juice

EltaMD – UV Physical – Broad Spectrum – SPF 41

85g tube of Elta MV facial sunscreen

Advertised to include “transparent zinc oxide” (possibly achieved by reduced particle size – nano-particles) and features significantly higher price tag to match (falling into the premium category).

Again, good to see the combination of both titanium dioxide and zinc oxide for better UV protection coverage. Interestingly the formula also features aluminum oxide (alumina)and iron oxide, which are not very frequently featured.

For the first time on this list, quercetin makes an appearance, but unfortunately, it’s position on the list (even lower than the preservative phenoxyethanol) hints that the concentration is quite small and none of the more common antioxidants are present.

9.0% transparent zinc oxide, 7.0% titanium dioxide Alumina, Butylene Glycol, Citric Acid, Iodopropynyl Butylcarbamate, Iron Oxide, Isopropyl Palmitate, Lecithin, Linoleic Acid, Hydrogen Dimethicone, Octyldodecyl Neopentanoate, Octyl Stearate, Oleth-3 Phosphate, Perfluorononyl Dimethicone, Phenoxyethanol, Polyacrylate 13, Polyisobutene, Polysorbate 20, Purified Water, Quercetin, Sodium Hydroxide, Thioctic Acid (Alpha Lipoic Acid), Triethoxycaprylylsilane.

Australian Gold – Botanical Sunscreen – SPF 50

89ml tube of Australia Gold botanical sunscreen

Quite low active ingredient concentrations, yet a high SPF rating. Seeing aluminum oxide and iron oxide appears again, this is likely where the rest of the UV protection is coming from [30].

Though the labeling is suggestive of a natural formulation, silicone and polymer-based derivatives do make a significant appearance as well.

Titanium Dioxide 4%, Zinc Oxide 4% Alumina, Butyrospermum Parkii (Shea) Butter, Caprylyl Glycol, Cetyl PEG/PPG-10/1 Dimethicone, Cyclopentasiloxane, Dimethicone Crosspolymer, Disodium EDTA, Disteardimonium Hectorite, Eucalyptus Globulus Leaf Extract, Glycerin, Hexyl Laurate, Iron Oxides, Panthenol, PEG-10 Dimethicone, Phenoxyethanol, Polyglyceryl-4 Isostearate, Polymethylsilsesquioxane, Porphyra Umbilicalis (Red Algae) Extract, Silica, Squalane, Stearic Acid, Terminalia Ferdinandiana (Kakadu Plum) Fruit Extract, Tocopheryl Acetate*, Triethoxycaprylylsilane, Water *Vitamin E

Additional Things to Consider

A few additional points you may find relevant when making your choice.

Adequate skin coverage is critical

The effectiveness of sunscreen has a direct relationship to just how much of it actually covers the skin [31]. Think of it as an armor that goes on and if your armor has a bunch of holes, it’s not going to be very effective. But even sub-optimal application appears to be better than no application at all [32]. Statistically, most people do not apply enough sunscreen to reach the SPF rating indicated.

Consider your skin care routine prior to sun exposure

Sebum itself appears to provide significant protection against UV radiation [33, 34]. It’s possible that the rise in the use of skin cleansing agents is partially responsible for the rising melanoma numbers. Accordingly, it may be worth considering your overall skin care practice prior to sun exposure.

Washing of sunscreen after use

Since with seborrheic dermatitis, our skin barrier is already significantly disrupted, our approach to cleaning off the sunscreen must be as gentle and simple as possible as well (especially if that sunscreen is formulated for improved water resistance). Luckily, a group of researchers from Sichuan University in Chengdu, China investigating this topic in detail. Their conclusion was that using a cleansing oil appears to provide the best rate of sunscreen removal and have the least irritation/drying potential [35].

What you eat plays a role

Dietary components have also been shown to provide added benefit.

  • Common antioxidants such as beta-carotene, vitamin C and vitamin E have the most robust support [36, 37].
  • An extract from the leaves of a fern by the name of polypodium leucotomos has been shown to provide some photo-protection benefits [38]
  • Omega 3 fatty acids [39] and green tea polyphenols [] may improve the skins immune response to UV damage and help negate a portion of the negative effects.

Don’t forget the classics

More old fashioned approaches to photo-protection (hats, clothes, umbrellas) should also be viewed as viable options with the lowest risk of triggering sensitivity.

Effect of UV protection on Vitamin D should be minimal but may need consideration

When it comes to the risk of depleting Vitamin D levels with too much focus on UV protection, the consensus seems to be that that daily moderate use of sunscreen should not compromise vitamin D synthesis in the general population. However, those with low levels (as it seems to be the case in a large percentage of seborrheic dermatitis affected individuals), should seek advice and possibly consider supplementation [40].

Check the ingredients list

Some sunscreens advertise themselves as mineral based (zinc oxide), yet the ingredients indicate additional active UV filters are included. To me, this seems somewhat deceptive and the other active ingredients should really be more clearly advertised. Review the ingredients as necessary.

Difficult to find a mineral based SPF rated moisturizers

A number of moisturizers/lotions are available that also feature UV protection. The same principles would apply when it comes to selection. However, as both zinc oxide and titanium dioxide tend to leave a thin white deposit, they may not be aesthetically acceptable and chemical UV protective agents are usually employed.


Hopefully, by now you have a good understanding of sunscreen technology and which choices are likely to be most compatible for seborrheic dermatitis prone skin. Here’s a quick recap:

  1. Decades of research have suggested that excessive exposure to UV radiation is a potential risk factor for melanoma (the most common type of skin cancer)
  2. The primary goal of all sunscreen is to reduce the amount of UV radiation that comes into contact with skin, which in turn-in may reduce your risk for skin cancer
  3. There are currently two main methods UV protection is achieved: chemical filters – which absorb the UV radiation; physical filters – which reflect the UV radiation
  4. The physical filters zinc oxide and titanium dioxide have some of the robust safety profiles and offer optimal UV protection, making them good candidates for seborrheic dermatitis; plus zinc oxide may provide additional anti-fungal benefits to reduce Malassezia activity
  5. To reduce the chance of irritation, the overall sunscreen formula should be: as simple as possible, utilize a mild preservative system, and be fragrance-free; excessive use of nanotechnology may create concerns
  6. The inclusion of various antioxidants appears to enhance UV protection (by reducing the damage) and may also directly benefit seborrheic dermatitis (as the condition is known to introduce excessive oxidative damage)
  7. Three formulations stood out the most: ThinkBaby Safe Sunscreen – zinc oxide formulation using a variety of oils for its base; Baby Bum Fragrance Free – similar approach, in a different base; and Burt’s Bees Baby Nourishing Mineral Sunscreen – provides the combination of zinc oxide and titanium dioxide
  8. Apart from specific sunscreen formula, there are many other factors which increase UV protection: classic protection (hats, clothes, sunglasses), sunscreen coverage, dietary factors, and your overall skin care routine (especially prior to sunscreen exposure)

Hope you’ve found this information useful. Please let me know if you have any suggestions for a good sunscreen for seborrheic dermatitis or have any questions.

100% of readers found this article helpful


  1. Douglas E Brash "UV signature mutations." Photochemistry and photobiology 91.1 (2016): 15-26. PubMed
  2. Michael Huncharek, Bruce Kupelnick "Use of topical sunscreens and the risk of malignant melanoma: a meta-analysis of 9067 patients from 11 case-control studies." American journal of public health 92.7 (2002): 1173-7. PubMed
  3. Deann Lazovich, Rachel Isaksson Vogel, Marianne Berwick, Martin A Weinstock, Erin M Warshaw, Kristin E Anderson "Melanoma risk in relation to use of sunscreen or other sun protection methods." Cancer epidemiology, biomarkers & prevention : a publication of the American Association for Cancer Research, cosponsored by the American Society of Preventive Oncology 20.12 (2012): 2583-93. PubMed
  4. Philippe Autier, Mathieu Boniol, Jean-François Doré "Is sunscreen use for melanoma prevention valid for all sun exposure circumstances?" Journal of clinical oncology : official journal of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 29.14 (2011): e425-6; author reply e427. PubMed
  5. David C. Whiteman, Rachel E. Neale, Joanne Aitken, Louisa Gordon, Adele C. Green, Monika Janda, Catherine M. Olsen, H. Peter Soyer, "When to apply sunscreen: a consensus statement for Australia and New Zealand" Wiley 43.2 (2019): 171-175.
  6. Catherine M Olsen, Louise F Wilson, Adèle C Green, Neela Biswas, Juhi Loyalka, David C Whiteman "Prevention of DNA damage in human skin by topical sunscreens." Photodermatology, photoimmunology & photomedicine 33.3 (2018): 135-142. PubMed
  7. M Wlaschek, I Tantcheva-Poór, L Naderi, W Ma, L A Schneider, Z Razi-Wolf, J Schüller, K Scharffetter-Kochanek "Solar UV irradiation and dermal photoaging." Journal of photochemistry and photobiology. B, Biology 63.1-3 (2002): 41-51. PubMed
  8. Florence Debacq-Chainiaux, Cedric Leduc, Alix Verbeke, Olivier Toussaint "UV, stress and aging." Dermato-endocrinology 4.3 (2013): 236-40. PubMed
  9. Gary J Fisher, Sewon Kang, James Varani, Zsuzsanna Bata-Csorgo, Yinsheng Wan, Subhash Datta, John J Voorhees "Mechanisms of photoaging and chronological skin aging." Archives of dermatology 138.11 (2002): 1462-70. PubMed
  10. Sheldon R Pinnell "Cutaneous photodamage, oxidative stress, and topical antioxidant protection." Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology 48.1 (2003): 1-19; quiz 20-2. PubMed
  11. A Saija, A Tomaino, D Trombetta, A De Pasquale, N Uccella, T Barbuzzi, D Paolino, F Bonina "In vitro and in vivo evaluation of caffeic and ferulic acids as topical photoprotective agents." International journal of pharmaceutics 199.1 (2000): 39-47. PubMed
  12. K Dvorakova, R T Dorr, S Valcic, B Timmermann, D S Alberts "Pharmacokinetics of the green tea derivative, EGCG, by the topical route of administration in mouse and human skin." Cancer chemotherapy and pharmacology 43.4 (1999): 331-5. PubMed
  13. Farrukh Afaq, Vaqar Mustafa Adhami, Nihal Ahmad "Prevention of short-term ultraviolet B radiation-mediated damages by resveratrol in SKH-1 hairless mice." Toxicology and applied pharmacology 186.1 (2003): 28-37. PubMed
  14. Moammir Hasan Aziz, Shannon Reagan-Shaw, Jianqiang Wu, B Jack Longley, Nihal Ahmad "Chemoprevention of skin cancer by grape constituent resveratrol: relevance to human disease?" FASEB journal : official publication of the Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology 19.9 (2006): 1193-5. PubMed
  15. Rúbia Casagrande, Sandra R Georgetti, Waldiceu A Verri, Daniel J Dorta, Antônio C dos Santos, Maria J V Fonseca "Protective effect of topical formulations containing quercetin against UVB-induced oxidative stress in hairless mice." Journal of photochemistry and photobiology. B, Biology 84.1 (2006): 21-7. PubMed
  16. Santosh K Katiyar "Silymarin and skin cancer prevention: anti-inflammatory, antioxidant and immunomodulatory effects (Review)." International journal of oncology 26.1 (2005): 169-76. PubMed
  17. Sitarina Widyarini, Alan J Husband, Vivienne E Reeve "Protective effect of the isoflavonoid equol against hairless mouse skin carcinogenesis induced by UV radiation alone or with a chemical cocarcinogen." Photochemistry and photobiology 81.1 (2005): 32-7. PubMed
  18. Vivienne E Reeve, Sitarina Widyarini, Diane Domanski, Elaine Chew, Karen Barnes "Protection against photoaging in the hairless mouse by the isoflavone equol." Photochemistry and photobiology 81.6 (2006): 1548-53. PubMed
  19. Margret Schlumpf, Karin Kypke, Matthias Wittassek, Juergen Angerer, Hermann Mascher, Daniel Mascher, Cora Vökt, Monika Birchler, Walter Lichtensteiger "Exposure patterns of UV filters, fragrances, parabens, phthalates, organochlor pesticides, PBDEs, and PCBs in human milk: correlation of UV filters with use of cosmetics." Chemosphere 81.10 (2010): 1171-83. PubMed
  20. Joanna A Ruszkiewicz, Adi Pinkas, Beatriz Ferrer, Tanara V Peres, Aristides Tsatsakis, Michael Aschner "Neurotoxic effect of active ingredients in sunscreen products, a contemporary review." Toxicology reports 4 (2018): 245-259. PubMed
  21. D. Kavyashree, C. J. Shilpa, H. Nagabhushana, B. Daruka Prasad, G. L. Sreelatha, S. C. Sharma, S. Ashoka, R. Anandakumari, H. B. Premkumar "ZnO Superstructures as an Antifungal for Effective Control of Malassezia furfur, Dermatologically Prevalent Yeast: Prepared by Aloe Vera Assisted Combustion Method" American Chemical Society (ACS) 3.6 (2015): 1066-1080.
  22. Amna Sirelkhatim, Shahrom Mahmud, Azman Seeni, Noor Haida Mohamad Kaus, Ling Chuo Ann, Siti Khadijah Mohd Bakhori, Habsah Hasan, Dasmawati Mohamad "Review on Zinc Oxide Nanoparticles: Antibacterial Activity and Toxicity Mechanism." Nano-micro letters 7.3 (2018): 219-242. PubMed
  23. Angelika Machowinski, Hans-Joachim Krämer, Wiebke Hort, Peter Mayser "Pityriacitrin–a potent UV filter produced by Malassezia furfur and its effect on human skin microflora." Mycoses 49.5 (2006): 388-92. PubMed
  24. Peter Mayser, Ute Schäfer, Hans-Joachim Krämer, Bernhard Irlinger, Wolfgang Steglich "Pityriacitrin — an ultraviolet-absorbing indole alkaloid from the yeast Malassezia furfur." Archives of dermatological research 294.3 (2003): 131-4. PubMed
  25. Selma Emre, Ahmet Metin, Duriye Deniz Demirseren, Gulsen Akoglu, Aynure Oztekin, Salim Neselioglu, Ozcan Erel "The association of oxidative stress and disease activity in seborrheic dermatitis." Archives of dermatological research 304.9 (2013): 683-7. PubMed
  26. Perihan Ozturk, Ozer Arican, Ergul Belge Kurutas, Tugba Karakas, Betul Kabakci "Oxidative stress in patients with scalp seborrheic dermatitis." Acta dermatovenerologica Croatica : ADC 21.2 (2014): 80-5. PubMed
  27. Andrew Scheman, Sharon Jacob, Rajani Katta, Susan Nedorost, Erin Warshaw, Matt Zirwas, Nicole Selbo "Part 4 of a 4-part series Miscellaneous Products: Trends and Alternatives in Deodorants, Antiperspirants, Sunblocks, Shaving Products, Powders, and Wipes: Data from the American Contact Alternatives Group." The Journal of clinical and aesthetic dermatology 4.10 (2011): 35-9. PubMed
  28. Alfredo Siller, Scott C Blaszak, Michelle Lazar, Edit Olasz Harken "Update About the Effects of the Sunscreen Ingredients Oxybenzone and Octinoxate on Humans and the Environment." Plastic surgical nursing : official journal of the American Society of Plastic and Reconstructive Surgical Nurses 38.4 (2019): 158-161. PubMed
  30. Kevin Sondenheimer, Jean Krutmann "Novel Means for Photoprotection." Frontiers in medicine 5 (2018): 162. PubMed
  31. Ida M Heerfordt, Linnea R Torsnes, Peter A Philipsen, Hans Christian Wulf "Photoprotection by sunscreen depends on time spent on application." Photodermatology, photoimmunology & photomedicine 34.2 (2018): 117-121. PubMed
  32. Antony R Young, Jessica Greenaway, Graham I Harrison, Karl P Lawrence, Robert Sarkany, Thierry Douki, France Boyer, Gwendal Josse, Emmanuel Questel, Camille Monteil, Ana B Rossi "Sub-optimal Application of a High SPF Sunscreen Prevents Epidermal DNA Damage in Vivo." Acta dermato-venereologica 98.9 (2019): 880-887. PubMed
  33. R Friedman-Birnbaum, S Linn, T Eidlitz-Markus, Y Harth, E Cohen "Seborrheic skin and acne vulgaris as protective factors against the development of basal cell epithelioma." Dermatologica 183.3 (1992): 160-3. PubMed
  34. P C Beadle, J L Burton "Absorption of ultraviolet radiation by skin surface lipid." The British journal of dermatology 104.5 (1981): 549-51. PubMed
  35. Wei Chen, Mei He, Li Xie, Li Li "The optimal cleansing method for the removal of sunscreen:Water, cleanser or cleansing oil?" Journal of cosmetic dermatology (2019). PubMed
  36. B Eberlein-König, J Ring "Relevance of vitamins C and E in cutaneous photoprotection." Journal of cosmetic dermatology 4.1 (2009): 4-9. PubMed
  37. Anne-Katrin Greul, Jens-Uwe Grundmann, Felix Heinrich, Inka Pfitzner, Jürgen Bernhardt, Andreas Ambach, Hans-Konrad Biesalski, Harald Gollnick "Photoprotection of UV-irradiated human skin: an antioxidative combination of vitamins E and C, carotenoids, selenium and proanthocyanidins." Skin pharmacology and applied skin physiology 15.5 (2002): 307-15. PubMed
  38. Neal Bhatia "Polypodium leucotomos: a potential new photoprotective agent." American journal of clinical dermatology 16.2 (2015): 73-9. PubMed
  39. L E Rhodes, S O'Farrell, M J Jackson, P S Friedmann "Dietary fish-oil supplementation in humans reduces UVB-erythemal sensitivity but increases epidermal lipid peroxidation." The Journal of investigative dermatology 103.2 (1994): 151-4. PubMed
  40. T Passeron, R Bouillon, V Callender, T Cestari, T Diepgen, A C Green, J van der Pols, B A Bernard, F Ly, F Bernerd, L Marrot, M Nielsen, M Verschoore, N G Jablonski, A R Young "Sunscreen photoprotection and vitamin D status." The British journal of dermatology (2019). PubMed
Last Updated:
in Seborrheic Dermatitis   2

About Michael Anders

After being affected by seborrheic dermatitis, I have made it my goal to gather and organize all the information that has helped me in my journey.

Share Your Thoughts

(will not be published)

Notable Community Replies

  1. This weekend i will go to seaside, i was wondering how can i protect my skin.
    I’m not a sun bathing guy, probable i’ll have a beer in the shade untill i get a good sunscreen :).
    thank you Michael for sharing.

    Reply Permalink
  2. Yeah, shade’s probably the best natural sunscreen out there. :slight_smile:
    Thanks for checking-in.

    Reply Permalink

Continue the discussion

Discussion participants